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Circular Economy

The strategy of A2A to 2030 is focused on generating new resources in the shape of material and energy and on reducing wastage so as to conserve the planet and safeguard the environment.

Our ESG objectives in the sphere of the circular economy

Challenging sustainability objectives guide A2A’s Strategic Plan to 2030:

Our growth strategy


Our growth strategy


Key indicators


Activities in the completion of the waste cycle (material and energy recovery), those of waste heat recovery in favour of district heating and the integrated water cycle are at the heart of our strategy in the sphere of the circular economy. After the first year of our ten-year Plan. we have raised all the economic and business targets. Consequently, our investments in this sphere increase by 18% to 7 billion euros, with an EBITDA target of 1.2 billion euros.

In terms of new strategic developments, the Plan also foresees new investments aiming generally at contributing to the reduction of the carbon footprint left by the mobility sector, which accounts for about 30% of CO2 emissions in Italy: the production of green hydrogen and bio-LNG to reduce CO2 emissions from the transport of goods and people.

Our strategic action

Accelerating material recoverey

Our Plan foresees, in fact, the construction of new plants for the recovery of material amounting to 2.2 million tonnes in 2030. The main developments will focus on plants for the treatment of the organic fraction and paper, where we will be able to grow further until full completion of the waste cycle is achieved.


Material recovery | Mt

Boosting energy recovery

In this area, 2021 was characterized by the finalization of the acquisition of the only industrial waste treatment facility in Calabria. In addition to this, new applications have been made to build waste treatment infrastructures in various regions in central and southern Italy. Decarbonization and the energy transition are also supported by the synergetic contribution of the Plan’s second mainstay, the circular economy. From its valorization, in fact, derive two important components: green molecules like those of hydrogen and biomethane.


Energy recovery | TWhe

Notes: (1) 0.2 average conversion factor kWhe to kWht

Reducing waste

The main focus of activity will be on two areas:


District heating

In the sphere of district heating, in the duration of the Plan, the use of energy recovered from thermal waste or from renewables will be doubled, with the target of reaching 4Mt of CO2 avoided by 2030.

District Heating from renewables and heat recovery | %

Notes: (1) Contribution from PNRR not included in the BP 2021-30 NEW


Water cycle

In the water cycle, the aim is to contribute to putting an end to EU rule violations with a 23% reduction in grid water losses (mc/km/day) and the development of new purification capacity.

Volumes of water treated | Mm3

New strategic developments

Biomethane to the fore in 2030

In the biomethane segment, we will develop over 60 plants of which five with liquefaction to obtain BIO-GNL, a green solution capable of drastically reducing the emissions of heavy vehicles

In particular, 20 existing facilities will be reconverted to biomethane.

Green hydrogen from thermal wte plants through local ecosystems

For the production of hydrogen, we will use continuously produced energy sources like that of thermal WtE plants, with a decentralized business model based on local ecosystems at the service of industry and heavy transport.

Strategic Plan Update 2021-2030

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